The Complexity of Sharing a Pizza


  • Patrick Schnider University of Copenhagen




Assume you have a 2-dimensional pizza with 2n ingredients that you want to share with your friend. For this you are allowed to cut the pizza using several straight cuts, and then give every second piece to your friend. You want to do this fairly, that is, your friend and you should each get exactly half of each ingredient. How many cuts do you need?
It was recently shown using topological methods that n cuts always suffice. In this work, we study the computational complexity of finding such n cuts. Our main result is that this problem is PPA-complete when the ingredients are represented as point sets. For this, we give a new proof that for point sets n cuts suffice, which does not use any topological methods.
We further prove several hardness results as well as a higher-dimensional variant for the case where the ingredients are well-separated.





How to Cite

Schnider, P. (2022). The Complexity of Sharing a Pizza. Computing in Geometry and Topology, 1(1), 4:1–4:19.



Original Research Articles